CBD is taking the world by storm. It has already become one of the most popular substances sold on the market today. CBD pervades almost every possible product, from bath salts to face cream.
But, CBD is just one of the many substances available in the market today. Cannabis is a versatile and exciting plant that people use for a variety of reasons. Some claim these plants can treat several ailments. These claims include treating tumors and decreasing inflammation.
These health benefits and medical claims still need testing, though. The distinctions between Delta-8 and Delta-9 THC are one area that needs clarity. People often believe THC is a singular substance. But, it is not.
Each Delta strain has a different chemical compound and chemical reaction in your receptors. These cannabis receptors are easily impacted by the introduction of cannabis.
This is because these reactors already have cannabis in them! This information may seem overwhelming all at once. Don’t worry, that is why we are here today. Curious to better understand these two mysterious compounds? Keep reading to learn more!
Delta-9 THC and Delta-8 THC
THC is the most commonly known substance from cannabis. Many people use this substance regularly for medicinal and recreational purposes. These substances are more prevalent today after their state legalization. The federal legalization of hemp increased the availability of this product as well.
But, there is still a lot of disagreement as to what THC is and how it interacts with the human mind.
This understanding is deeply impacted by the fact that there is not just one type of THC. THC is a chemical compound found in cannabis plants. This substance is present in both hemp and marijuana. The chemical arrangement differs for each plant and strain.
These compound arrangements are commonly referred to as strains. Cannabis strains or marijuana strains are typically called Sativa or Indica. These terms help users distinguish their efficacy.
The arrangement of these chemicals is what gives us the varieties of THC. Two of these commonly known compounds are Delta-9 THC and Delta-8 THC. These strains have a different impact on the brain based on their individual potency.
Why are these compounds distinct? What makes them different? How many types of THC are there?
Chemical Compositions of Delta-9 and Delta-8 THC
It may surprise you to learn that Delta-9 and Delta-8 THC are almost exactly the same. Delta-9 THC consists of a link of chain molecules. In the 9th molecule, there is a structural distinction present.
In the composition of these THC compounds, there is a difference in the placement of the double bond. This bond is in the eighth molecule in Delta-8 THC. In Delta-9 THC, it is in the ninth molecule. Otherwise, these compounds are almost exactly identical. Delta-8 THC is an “isomer” of Delta-9 THC. We will explore this definition further in the next section.
For THC, isomerism means that compounds compositions are identical to create similar effects. Isomerism is important for those seeking to emulate Delta 9 effects. Delta-9 and 8 THC are not the only chemical compounds within cannabis with these effects.
There are compounds known as Delta-10 THC and even Delta-4 THC. Each of these compounds impacts the placement of the double bond within the molecular structure. This placement has significant effects on how it interacts with your CB1 and CB2 receptors.
What Is an Isomer?
The term isomer comes from the Greek words isos and meros which translates to “equal parts.” This term illustrates this concept as the chemist community understands it. This term refers to a molecular structure that has the same number of molecular structures.
If you were to lay out the building blocks of these cannabis THC strains, they would look the same. But, if you look at the interior structures of these building blocks, you will see the double bond differences. This double bond difference for Delta-8 and Delta-9 are in different places in the molecular structures.
Delta-9 and Delta-8 THC are trans-isomers. This term differs from cis isomers. Cis isomers have very few differences and the structural atoms of the molecules lay on the same sides. Regardless of whether the structure is upright or flipped.
Trans isomers have similar structures but on opposite sides of the structure. If flipped, the structures may appear very distinct. The importance of these distinctions is indicative of the ways the Delta compounds impact the CB receptors of the brain.
What Are the CB1 and CB2 Receptors?
The CB1 receptor is the primary cannabinoid receptor of the brain. In the brain, it is one of the main protein receptors and exists in the 6 chromosomes. This is a G protein binder that impacts how cannabinoids interact and impact the brain.
The CB2 receptor performs a very similar function in how it produces and reacts to cannabis. Many do not realize that cannabis exists in our bodies naturally. You do not need to take cannabis to feel its effects—albeit, on a very natural and unnoticeable level. The name of this system is the endocannabinoid system (or ECS) of our brains.
This is similar to how the compound known as DMT exists naturally in the brain as well—even if you do not take DMT or other psychedelic drugs. These substances seem to be important in our brain’s capacity to sleep and dream.
This is still researched intensely by experts, the ECS system seems to impact several systems. The ECS encourages sleep and appetite. It also impacts our mood and rest because it connects to the GABA receptors.
When taking cannabinoids this system gets an extra dose of these substances. This means the aspects it regulates (diet and sleep patterns) may change as well. This might explain why users often claim feelings of both relaxation and insomnia. Or, calm or paranoia.
Depending on the dose and the type of THC you consume, the ECS system can react.
Less Commonly Known Delta THC
We will explore the two most commonly known THC compounds in the following section. But first, we will introduce you to several compounds that are also Delta THC and activate this system.
One is Delta-10 THC. The discovery of this compound was an accident. Af fire ravaging California brought out this substance. There was a crystalline substance discovered on the plant. This crystalline substance became known as Delta-10.
Similar to Delta-9 and 8, Delta-10 is an isomer. But, the double bonding element is present in the tenth molecule. And, it has very similar effects as Delta-8 THC.
But, it is technically synthesized from hemp and marijuana. The way it was first discovered shows that this plant must undergo specific heating and chemical reactions to bring out the Delta-10.
However, it is not considered especially dangerous and is legal at the federal level.
Other synthetic substances are not, however. A good example is Delta-4 THC. Sometimes known as bath salts on the streets, this substance is very dangerous. It is completely unregulated other than the fact that it is illegal. You should not consume or otherwise use this product.
The reason this substance is so dangerous is due to its impact on your ECS system. Many experts believe it virtually destroys it through its chemical reactions.
What Is Delta-9?
Delta-9 is also known as Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and is the primary compound of cannabis. THC is the most popularly known substance of cannabinol because of its psychoactive effects.
Tetrahydrocannabinol is typically simply referred to as THC or merely as marijuana. But, marijuana is a substance composed of several dozen compounds. THC is one of them and the compound most users seek out. But, THC is not the same thing as marijuana.
The term “marijuana” is more or less a street name for this substance. Many people are seeking to move away from this name as it has a questionable origin. Many historians and experts agree that the term “marijuana” intends to paint it as a Mexican drug. As a result, it hoped to hype the already negative feelings Americans had about immigrants.
And, this negative portrayal was not simply geared towards Mexican Americans. It also impacted African Americans and other minority groups in the country. Scholarly articles prefer to steer clear of this controversy. They call it cannabis or Cannabis Sativa.
But, where is this typically derived from?
Is Delta-9 Made With Hemp?
People find Delta 9 in the Cannabis Sativa plant. This plant includes the colloquially named plant known as marijuana and hemp. But, hemp is not grown as an Indica.
Indica is much more difficult to regulate as it grows. Indica is a general term used to describe more intense strains of cannabis. It is not the way most chemists and experts prefer to identify the plant.
But, for the general purpose of distinction, Indica is for intense strains of cannabis. In comparison, Cannabis Sativa is a less intense strain of cannabis. It tends to have less THC per volume. It is also the primary strain of hemp cultivated in the U.S. for legal purposes. This leads us to the answer of whether THC comes from hemp.
The answer is, in the USA, Delta-9 is almost always derived from hemp. This is because it is much easier to cultivate with a known amount of THC. When United States farmers cultivate Cannabis Sative the THC levels must be below .3%.
This way you can sell the products without concern. And, this is why many products in the USA that have Delta-9 come from hemp.
Can Delta-9 Come From Marijuana?
The short answer is, yes it can. But for legal matters, no it is not derived from this marijuana. Delta-9 comes from the hemp plant and is commonly called the Delta-9 flower. Its origins from the hemp plant are very important, especially with regards to laws in much of the United States.
What does this mean?
THC is an active ingredient in both hemp and marijuana. But, the important factor to remember is the origins of the substance. Origins of the substance include the plant origin and how they extract the THC.
The extraction of real THC is different from synthetic. They extract it from hemp through a chemical process. Similar to Delta-10, it does not exist naturally in hemp. But, through chemical reactions, they draw the compound from the plant.
This differs from the street drugs that are not produced safely or under any guidance. This is different from Delta-4 and bath salts which are sometimes marketed as THC.
But, to have Delta-9 THC naturally occurring in the cannabis plant, it must be from marijuana. Otherwise, it requires a chemical extraction process.
Does Delta-9 Make the User High?
Delta-9 is the substance we know as THC. This substance will definitely make the user high if they have the right amount. But, the dosage and method of taking it impact this sensation.
You can consume Delta-9 directly as an oil or bake it into something. People tend to use this to make party edibles such as pot brownies. These substances are known for making the consumer fairly high pretty fast.
This high is more intense and makes users feel a mellow effect that may put them to sleep. But, it will also likely make the users feel paranoid as well. This confuses a lot of people who find it strange that the substance could make one both sleepy and paranoid. But, this is largely due to the psychotic effects of the drug on your brain.
The extensive effects of this drug on your brain and body will be explored in a later section. But, for the brief answer, Delta-9 does get you high through the substance THC. Delta-9 makes you high through the interaction with the CB1 and CB2 receptors of your brain.
Is Delta-9 Legal?
Delta-9 is legal through the 2018 and 2017 Farm Bill. This Bill established hemp as an agricultural substance for uses of agricultural purposes. It is a vegetable for consumption as well as an industrial product. It is not a scheduled drug on the DEA’s website.
But, the ironic part of this question of legality is the definition of where they extract it. Delta-9 that comes from marijuana is technically still considered a drug under federal law. This is primarily due to its psychoactive properties and capacity to make users “high.”
But, hemp grown in the United States is only permitted to have .3% of active THC. Therefore, the rationale is that hemp products will not exceed this amount. But, Delta-9 is both extracted as a concentrate and synthetically generated in labs. But, these synthetic compounds may not be a good alternative.
We will explore synthetic Delta-9 in the next section.
Is Delta-9 Natural or Synthetic?
Delta-9 THC and other synthetic THC products can be artificially generated in a laboratory. But, this is not as professional or controlled as it may sound. Synthetic cannabinoids are actually cannabinoid compounds that are coated in various chemicals.
These compounds sometimes include opioids and other highly toxic substances. Sometimes, they aren’t even cannabis. They usually are not. Many experts believe these synthetic street drugs are just plants coated in drugs and contain no cannabis.
By and large, this seems to be the case. Real and authentic THC is the safe route concerning your sources. Real THC does not have synthetic and various drugs coating it attempting to induce a high. Rather, the plant will behave naturally with your body in a fairly predictable manner.
What Is Delta-8?
Delta-8 is another common compound found in Cannabis Sativa. Delta-8 refers to the compound that reacts very similar to Delta-9 with your CB receptors. However, there are some important distinctions. We will dive into the differences in a later section.
Delta-8 is also known as Delta-8 Tetrahydrocannabinol and is a THC like Delta-9. However, it is not as prevalent in Cannabis Sativa as Delta-9. Delta-8 is thought to interact with your brain’s CB receptors similarly to Delta-9. But, the effects seem to be more specific to the Delta-8.
Delta-8 seems to undergo dehydrogenase when it interacts with enzymes that convert it to a psychoactive compound. This compound is 11-nor-Delta-8 tetrahydrocannabinol 9 carboxylic acid. This conversion process turns the Delta-8 compound into a psychoactive compound.
This process of dehydrogenase is very similar to what occurs in your brain with alcohol. The enzymes in your body create an interaction with the substance and your brain reacts. This breakdown of the compound triggers certain reactions within your brain and can give you a high.
What Is Delta-8 Derived From?
Delta-8 comes from the Cannabis Sativa plant. This can include marijuana or hemp. This substance is typically extracted in some manner and infused in new products. Delta-8 is sometimes infused into gummies or tinctures.
Users can choose to smoke Delta 8 or consume directly. For legal reasons, most Delta-8 THC comes from hemp. Similar to Delta-9 THC, there are some legal loopholes that permit hemp products and not marijuana products.
But, Delta-8 THC is not as prevalent in hemp or marijuana as Delta-9 THC. Delta-9 THC is more prevalent and easier to extract from Cannabis Sativa. But, the legality is more complicated.
Is Delta-8 the Same as CBD?
Delta-8 THC comes from CBD concentrate. The extraction process includes breaking down the hemp flower from the hemp plant. This process includes breaking down the flower into a simple extract.
Once the hemp flower compound breaks down to an almost pure CBD compound, it is further treated. This compound is then broken down into an isolate through an acidifying process.
The remaining compound is one of over 50% CBD with levels of Delta-8 and Delta-9 THC. For federal compliance, the THC must be below .3% for Delta-9 THC. But, Delta-8 THC is not regulated in the same manner.
Primarily, this is because Delta-8 THC is distinct from Delta-9 to the DEA. Primarily, this is due to it being derived from legal compounds such as hemp and CBD.
Will Delta-8 Make the User High?
This is a more complicated subject to answer. Technically, yes, Delta-8 THC can have similar effects on the mind and body since it is a THC compound. This is part of the reason it has entered the cannabis market with the excitement it has.
Delta-8 THC is a THC product and smoking or consuming it can affect the user in a psychoactive manner. On the surface, this high feels and seems very similar to the high delivered by Delta-9 THC.
Delta-8 THC is not exactly the same as Delta-9 THC. To begin, the compound Delta-8 THC is not as potent as its counterpart. Delta-9 THC is far more potent and can make a user high on a much smaller dose.
Delta-8 THC still needs a great deal of research before anything can be said with positive certainty. Delta-8 THC is a rare compound in Cannabis Sativa. This makes studying a little bit harder than Delta-9. But, so far, research seems to indicate the compound is similar to Delta-9 THC but is much less potent.
Is Delta-8 Legal?
Similar to Delta-9 THC, Delta-8 THC has a similar loophole of legality so it can be sold. Just like Delta-9 THC, Delta-8 THC is legal under the federal farm bill that passed in 2018. The difference is, Delta-8 is not a regulated compound under the DEA’s jurisdiction.
Even though Delta-8 is a psychoactive drug, it is derived from hemp and CBD.
The issue with Delta-9 regarding the legal status is that it is a recognized compound from marijuana. Marijuana is not legal under federal law and since Delta-9 THC is a known substance of marijuana, the legality is questionable. But, this does not mean Delta-8 THC is not regulated.
Delta-8 THC is a THC. It must be under the legal limit to fall under the legal status of the Farm Bill.
Therefore, the legal status of Delta-8 THC is generally in good standing. But, the regulations imposed upon it inhibit its sales and studies of its long-term effects.
Delta-9 and Delta-8: Applications and Common Uses
People who report using Delta-9 and Delta-8 THC claim they use them for similar reasons. Most users of these products either use them for their psychoactive effects as a recreational experience. Others claim these products help them cope with various issues they face.
The research is still underway regarding the long and short-term effects. There is some disagreement over the recommended dosages and what the best method of application is. For some, smoking marijuana is perceived as beneficial due to its relaxing and soothing properties.
The effects of THC on the mind and the lungs are debatable, however. Some question the efficacy and benefits of this substance. And, with regards to Delta-8 THC, the research is even more preliminary.
Delta-8 only became available and known in the 1980s. Prior to this, many assumed it was either marijuana that did it. Or, that THC was not a variable substance. This is understandable since the effects are so similar. And, only recently did researchers start to study the possible effects of Delta-8 and 9.
Psychoactive Properties of Delta-9
Delta-9 is the more potent variety of THC. Its effects range from increasing appetite to inducing sleep. Some users even claim to experience hallucinations on this substance. Typically, these are more like paranoia than they are visual or audible hallucinations.
However, for many people, the use of Delta-9 is an important part of their life. And, researchers are trying to uncover the potential benefits of this substance.
One of the popularly researched topics is Delta-9’s potential benefits include neuroprotective properties. This has only been tested in mice studies. But, many researchers believe how the THC interacts with the receptors may potentially benefit the mind.
In many preliminary trials on mice, Delta-9 was shown to decrease symptoms of cerebral palsy. Additionally, the studies show promise in helping sufferers of depression. But, these studies have only been tested on a few people and rodent studies. Further research is necessary before anything conclusive is discovered.
Other studies are researching the potential use of Delta-9 in helping sufferers of cancer. It seems the psychoactive effects of Delta-9 help to alleviate the dizziness of chemo patients. This has not been approved by the FDA as a treatment. However, many believe that THC helps induce appetite and prevent nausea for these people.
Psychoactive Properties of Delta-8
Delta-8 THC is much milder than Delta-9. Delta-8 has similar effects on the user as Delta-9, but the efficacy is the distinction. Many users claim that Delta-8 is better for focus and mental clarity. This is because it does not seem to impact the motor function of the brain as intensely.
Many proponents of this substance claim it can help boost energy while also inducing a calmer mind. But, these effects are still being studied conclusively. There seems to be some promising research on the horizon.
However, due to its rarity in the plant, Delta-8 is more expensive than Delta-9. It can be harder to get a hold of so that scientists can thoroughly research it. But, according to the people who claim to regularly experience both substances, Delta-8 is milder.
For these reasons, many believe this substance may be safer to use than Delta-9 THC. Especially if you are concerned about the potential for harsher effects on the body. Delta-9 creates a strong euphoric sensation that inhibits motor skills.
But, Delta-8 is known to induce fewer effects and on a much milder level. It does induce relaxation, but as a means to help you focus. Researchers have also found that it inhibits appetite rather than increases it. This is very different from traditional concepts of weed giving you the munchies.
Many users claim that the differences between Delta-8 and Delta-9 are minuscule. But, to users the effects are distinct. For some, the notion that they can get high without suffering the negative side effects of Delta-9 is appealing to them.
These are some of the reported effects of both Delta-8 and Delta-9:
- Euphoric sensations
- Sleep inducing
- Impact on eating habits
- Reducing nauseous
But, these effects differ between the substances. For example, with regards to the effects on hunger. Delta-9 is said to induce appetite in users. Many users claim they experience the munchies, and may even have an uncontrollable appetite.
But, Delta-8 in comparison is said to be called the “skinny drug.” It is called this because users claim it actually inhibits their appetites rather than increases them. However, both have been shown to decrease nausea.
Why Is Delta-9 Regulated More Than Delta-8?
Delta-9 THC has a higher rate of abuse, which is why it is scheduled along with LSD. But, many argue that this is an inaccurate depiction of the substance. The arguments in favor of removing these categorizations state some of the following:
- THC is non-addictive
- THC provides emotional help
- THC should be legal like alcohol
- The laws are racially motivated
- THC helps heal the body
Many of these claims are being tested currently. Many states across the United States agree with some or all of these claims. For these states, they have chosen to legalize the substance.
Some states even have laws prohibiting Delta-8 rather than Delta-9. States such as Colorado have not permitted sales of Delta-8, but have legalized Delta-9. The primary motive behind laws such as these is the lack of research on Delta-8.
Delta-8 is a more recently discovered and less understood strain. Advocates of Delta-9 legalization claim it has years of use and research behind it. It is overall a better-understood compound than Delta-8.
As things are now, Delta-8 remains the more legally available strain. This may continue to change as Delta-9 and 8 are studied more and more.
By far the most common use of THC is the sensation of being high. People get high for many reasons. But, it remains one of the most sought-after sensations from cannabis.
Some use this high sensation for creative and thoughtful work. They claim it helps improve their ability to think abstractly and complexly. There seems to be some truth behind these claims. For centuries, people used mind-altering substances for religious and artistic endeavors.
If you are seeking a productive and creative experience, Delta-8 is better. People say this substance is best because it won’t inhibit motor skills.
Delta-9 is far more potent. For these reasons, many professionals believe it is beneficial for chronic diseases. It seems to be powerful in helping boost the user’s mood. This can be helpful for people suffering from chronic depression.
It appears to help improve appetite and decrease nausea. The potency allows it to rather effectively impact these areas powerfully. Due to these effects, many people believe it can have positive effects on those suffering severely.
The Potency of Delta-8 and Delta-9
As stated previously, Delta-9 is much more potent. Delta-9’s potency is part of what makes it so vastly popular though.
For seasoned users, Delta-8 may seem too weak. It requires that you eat almost double the amount of THC to get high. This may seem like a waste to someone who is used to a potent substance. But, the effects of Delta-8 permit the user to experience the high more consciously. It prevents feelings of paranoia and induced sensations of fear.
In this sense, Delta-8 is preferred for its chill effects. As far as which you should use, this is a very private matter.
The first thing to consider is the legality in your state. Always makes sure your state permits the use of Delta-9 or 8 before you use it. If you want to use the substance for medical reasons, speak with your medical professional.
If you are worried about the price of Delta-8, the difference in price is not significant. By and large, Delta-8 is only a few cents more per ounce on average. The reason it is more expensive is simply its availability. The availability of Delta-8 is far more limited per ounce of cannabis than Delta-9. Fortunately, the price distinction is not considered significant.
Delta-8 requires you to take a larger dose in order to induce the appropriate amount of sensation. As a general recommendation, always follow the dose recommendations on the package of your product. Typically, for a tincture, the dose is around 1 milligram. This usually translates to a full dropper of oil.
In gummies, the use of Delta-8 and Delta-9 is common. Again, the safest way to take these substances is to follow the dose recommendations on the package. There is not really any research indicating potential overdosing of these substances.
It seems that excessive amounts of THC can induce a fast heart rate or feelings of paranoia. For Delta-8 THC, the feelings are even less intense. Even for a very high dose, you will likely just feel intense sensations of euphoria. You also might undergo a loss of motor skills and focus.
Following the dosage on the package is your safest bet!
Ways to Consume Delta-8 and Delta-9
Everyone knows about smoking weed. Now people are starting to vape THC and claim the sensations are about the same as a traditional joint. In some reports, it is even more intense than the traditional smoking method.
For gummies, Delta-8 and Delta-9 are available. You must make sure you purchase this in a state that is legal before purchasing. This is especially true for mail order and delivery services. You won’t be eligible for delivery in a state that has it outlawed or has not legalized it yet.
For Delta-8 gummies, the effects are said to be extremely mild. Many people do not get high off of a Delta-8 gummy. They are usually best for inducing feelings of relaxation and small amounts of joy. But, they are not well known for creating a high sensation.
To induce a high sensation for both Delta-8 and 9, it is best to either vape or smoke the substance. If you are health conscious, it is best to consume this substance as an edible. This includes something such as a “pot” brownie or other baked goods.
Lastly, tinctures are an effective way to induce stronger feelings from these substances. Tinctures usually have a high potency due to how they’re made. If you are looking for a quicker set of sensations, this is a better option.
What Are Delta-8 Flower and Delta-9 Flower?
To begin, the Delta-8 flower and the Delta-9 flower are the flowers of the plant. But, this does not mean the flowers of the cannabis plant are one strain.
A Delta-8 flower, for example, is simply a hemp plant flower. And, you would not be able to extract a great deal from the pure flower. A hemp flower has very little THC, whether it is Delta-9 or 8.
Chemists are capable of extracting these substances safely. Through a complex chemical process, chemists can convert CBD to Delta-8. This is why Delta-8 is becoming more prevalent today.
Delta-9 flower is a little bit different. If you are speaking about the federally legal Delta-9, this is also just the hemp flower. If you were to consume or smoke this substance, you would feel only mild CBD effects. Similar to Delta-8 flower.
However, many people do smoke the cannabis flower. Or, marijuana flower. This is sometimes referred to as “weed” and is rolled up as a joint. Smoking marijuana is rather popular these days. This will activate the Delta-9 THC.
But, remember that marijuana is still illegal at the federal level and in some states. Just be sure to check with your local laws regarding this substance.
Using Delta-8 Flower and Delta-9 Flower
Even though Delta-8 flower is essentially CBD, you can still use this for its effects. Inhaling CBD in a variety of ways (smoking or oil diffusion) was shown to affect the users. Studies indicate that you can use the hemp flower to induce the effects of the flower. But, this will not make the user high.
Rather, you will experience the effects of CBD in a concentrated manner. But, to get the effects of Delta-9 and Delta-8 THC, you will need to use other means.
Using cannabinoids does not need to be confusing. If you choose to smoke cannabis or use a tincture, just make sure you know your provider. The best way to stay safe is to guarantee you know your source!
Where to Get Your Delta-8 and Delta-9
Quality is very important when using Delta-8 and Delta-9. You should never purchase one of these products from an unknown seller.
As we have already seen in the beginning, substances such as Delta-4 and street drugs can be very harmful. Make sure you trust the company selling you the product!
At Life Grows Green, we only produce safe and natural products. You can trust that our products are safe and ready for consumption. Please contact us today with any questions you have!
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Life Grows Green (January, 2022) Most Popular CBD Products Being Sold Today
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